Immigration Quiz

Questions and Answers for New Pilot Naturalization Exam

Pilot Exam Questions and Answers
  1. Name one important idea found in the Declaration of Independence.
    • A: People are born with natural rights.
    • A: The power of government comes from the people.
    • A: The people can change their government if it hurts their natural rights.
    • A: All people are created equal.
  2. What is the supreme law of the land?
    • A: The Constitution
  3. What does the Constitution do?
    • A: It sets up the government.
    • A: It protects basic rights of Americans.
  4. What does “We the People” mean in the Constitution?
    • A: The power of government comes from the people.
  5. What do we call changes to the Constitution?
    • A: Amendments
  6. What is an amendment?
    • A: It is a change to the Constitution.
  7. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
    • A: The Bill of Rights
  8. Name one right or freedom from the First Amendment.
    • A: Speech
    • A: Religion
    • A: Assembly
    • A: Press
    • A: Petition the government
  9. How many amendments does the Constitution have?
    • A: Twenty-seven (27)
  10. What did the Declaration of Independence do?
    • A: Announce the independence of the United States from Great Britain
    • A: Say that the U.S. is free from Great Britain
  11. What does freedom of religion mean?
    • A: You can practice any religion you want, or not practice at all.
  12. What type of economic system does the U.S. have?
    • A: Capitalist economy
    • A: Free market
    • A: Market economy
  13. What are the three branches or parts of the government?
    • A: Executive, legislative, and judicial
    • A: Congress, the President, the courts
  14. Name one branch or part of the government.
    • A: Congress
    • A: Legislative
    • A: President
    • A: Executive
    • A: The courts
    • A: Judicial
  15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?
    • A: The President
  16. Who makes federal laws?
    • A: Congress
    • A: The Senate and House (of Representatives)
    • A: The (U.S. or national) legislature
  17. What are the two parts of the United States Congress?
    • A: The Senate and House (of Representatives)
  18. How many United States Senators are there?
    • A: 100
  19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
    • A: Six (6)
  20. Name your state’s two U.S. Senators.
    • A: Answers will vary. [For District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories, the answer is that DC (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.]
  21. How many U.S. Senators does each state have?
    • A: Two (2)
  22. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
    • A: 435
  23. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
    • A: Two (2)
  24. Name your U.S. Representative.
    • A: Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting delegates or resident commissioners may provide the name of that representative or commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) representatives in Congress.]
  25. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?
    • A: All citizens in that Senator’s state
  26. Who does a U.S. Representative represent?
    • A: All citizens in that Representative’s district (each state is divided into districts)
  27. What decides each state’s number of U.S. Representatives?
    • A: The state’s population
  28. How is each state’s number of Representatives decided?
    • A: The state’s population
  29. Why do we have three branches of government?
    • A: So no branch is too powerful
  30. Name one example of checks and balances.
    • A: The President vetoes a bill.
    • A: Congress can confirm or not confirm a President’s nomination.
    • A: Congress approves the President’s budget.
    • A: The Supreme Court strikes down a law.
  31. We elect a President for how many years?
    • A: Four (4) years
  32. How old must a President be?
    • A: Thirty-five (35) or older
    • A: At least thirty-five (35)
    • A: More than thirty-five (35)
  33. The President must be born in what country?
    • A: The United States
    • A: America
  34. Who is the President now?
    • A: [Current president] (as of November 20, 2006, George W. Bush)
  35. What is the name of the President of the United States?
    • A: [Current president] (as of November 20, 2006, George W. Bush)
    • A: (President) George W. Bush
    • A: George Bush
    • A: Bush
  36. Who is the Vice President now?
    • A: [Current vice president] (as of November 20, 2006- Richard (Dick) Cheney)
    • A: Dick Cheney
    • A: Cheney
  37. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States?
    • A: [Current vice president] (as of November 20, 2006- Richard (Dick) Cheney)
    • A: Dick Cheney
    • A: Cheney
  38. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
    • A: The Vice President
  39. Who becomes President if both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve?
    • A: The Speaker of the House
  40. Who is the Commander-in-Chief of the military?
    • A: The President
  41. How many full terms can a President serve?
    • A: Two (2)
  42. Who signs bills to become laws?
    • A: The President
  43. Who vetoes bills?
    • A: The President
  44. What is a veto?
    • A: The President refuses to sign a bill passed by Congress.
    • A: The President says no to a bill.
    • A: The President rejects a bill.
  45. What does the President’s Cabinet do?
    • A: Advises the President
  46. Name two Cabinet-level positions.
    • A: Secretary of Agriculture
    • A: Secretary of Commerce
    • A: Secretary of Defense
    • A: Secretary of Education
    • A: Secretary of Energy
    • A: Secretary of Health and Human Services
    • A: Secretary of Homeland Security
    • A: Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
    • A: Secretary of Interior
    • A: Secretary of State
    • A: Secretary of Transportation
    • A: Secretary of Treasury
    • A: Secretary of Veterans’ Affairs
    • A: Attorney General
  47. What Cabinet-level agency advises the President on foreign policy?
    • A: The State Department
  48. What does the judicial branch do?
    • A: Reviews and explains laws
    • A: Resolves disputes between parties
    • A: Decides if a law goes against the Constitution
  49. Who confirms Supreme Court justices?
    • A: The Senate
  50. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States?
    • A: John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)
  51. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
    • A: Nine (9)
  52. Who nominates justices to the Supreme Court?
    • A: The President
  53. Name one thing only the federal government can do.
    • A: Print money
    • A: Declare war
    • A: Create an army
    • A: Make treaties
  54. What is one thing only a state government can do?
    • A: Provide schooling and education
    • A: Provide protection (police)
    • A: Provide safety (fire departments)
    • A: Give a driver’s license
    • A: Approve zoning and land use
  55. What does it mean that the U.S. Constitution is a constitution of limited powers?
    • A: The federal government has only the powers that the Constitution states that it has.
    • A: The states have all powers that the federal government does not.
  56. Who is the Governor of your state?
    • A: Answers will vary. [District of Columbia and U.S. Territory residents would answer that they do not have a state governor or that they do not live in a state. Mentioning the governor of the territory for Guam is acceptable. Any answer that mentions one of these facts is acceptable.]
  57. What is the capital (or capital city) of your state?
    • A: Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents would answer that DC is not a state, and that therefore it does not have a capital. Any answer that mentions one of these facts is acceptable.]
  58. What are the two major political parties in the U.S. today?
    • A: Democrats and Republicans
  59. What is the highest court in the U.S.?
    • A: The Supreme Court
  60. What is the majority political party in the House of Representatives now?
    • A: Democrats
    • A: Democratic Party
  61. What is the political party of the majority in the Senate now?
    • A: Democrats
    • A: Democratic Party
  62. What is the political party of the President now?
    • A: Republicans
    • A: Republican Party
  63. Who is the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
    • A: Nancy Pelosi
  64. Who is the Senate Majority Leader now?
    • A: Harry Reid
  65. In what month are elections held in the United States?
    • A: November
  66. What is the current minimum wage in the U.S.?
    • A: $5.15
  67. When must all males register for the Selective Service?
    • A: At age 18
    • A: At 18
  68. Who is the Secretary of State now?
    • A: Dr. Condoleezza Rice
    • A: Condoleezza Rice
    • A: Dr. Rice
  69. Who is the Attorney General now?
    • A: Alberto Gonzales
  70. Is the current President in his first or second term?
    • A: Second
  71. What is self-government?
    • A: Powers come from the people.
    • A: Government responds to the people.
  72. Who governs the people in a self-governed country?
    • A: The people govern themselves.
    • A: The government elected by the people.
  73. What is the “rule of law”?
    • A: Everyone must obey the law.
    • A: Leaders must obey the law.
    • A: Government must obey the law.
  74. What are “inalienable rights”?
    • A: Individual rights that people are born with
  75. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
    • A: Any citizen over 18 can vote.
    • A: A citizen of any race can vote.
    • A: Any male or female citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)
    • A: You don’t have to pay to vote. (You don’t have to pay a poll tax to vote.)
  76. Name one responsibility that is only for United States citizens.
    • A: Vote
    • A: Serve on a jury
  77. Name two rights that are only for United States citizens.
    • A: The right to apply for a federal job
    • A: The right to vote
    • A: The right to run for office
  78. Name two rights of everyone living in the U.S.
    • A: Freedom of expression
    • A: Freedom of speech
    • A: Freedom of assembly
    • A: Freedom to petition the government
    • A: Freedom of worship
    • A: The right to bear arms
  79. What is the Pledge of Allegiance?
    • A: The promise of loyalty to the flag and the nation
  80. Name one promise you make when you say the Oath of Allegiance.
    • A: To give up loyalty to other countries (I give up loyalty to my [old][first][other] country.)
    • A: To defend the Constitution and laws of the United States
    • A: To obey the laws of the United States
    • A: To serve in the United States military if needed (To fight for the United States [if needed].)
    • A: To serve the nation if needed (To do important work for the United States [if needed].)
    • A: To be loyal to the United States
  81. Who can vote in the U.S.?
    • A: All citizens over 18
    • A: All registered citizens over 18
  82. Name two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy.
    • A: Vote
    • A: Join a political party
    • A: Help out with a campaign
    • A: Join a civic group
    • A: Join a community group
    • A: Tell an elected official your opinion on an issue.
    • A: Call your Senators and Representatives
    • A: Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
    • A: Run for office
    • A: Write to a newspaper
  83. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?
    • A: By April 15th of every year
    • A: By April 15th
    • A: April 15
  84. Name two of the natural, or inalienable, rights in the Declaration of Independence.
    • A: Life
    • A: Liberty
    • A: The pursuit of happiness
  85. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
    • A: Thomas Jefferson
  86. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
    • A: July 4, 1776
  87. Name one reason why the colonists came to America?
    • A: Freedom
    • A: Political liberty
    • A: Religious freedom
    • A: Economic opportunity
    • A: To practice their religion
    • A: To escape persecution
  88. What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
    • A: The Constitution was written.
    • A: The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.
  89. Why did the colonists fight the British?
    • A: They had to pay high taxes but did not have any say about it. (Taxation without representation.)
    • A: The British army stayed in their houses. (boarding, quartering)
    • A: The British denied the colonists self-government.
  90. When was the Constitution drafted?
    • A: 1787
  91. There are 13 original states. Name three.
    • A: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, and Virginia.
  92. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
    • A: Africans
    • A: People from Africa
  93. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
    • A: The Native Americans
    • A: American Indians
  94. Where did most of America’s colonists come from before the Revolution?
    • A: Europe
  95. Why were the colonists upset with the British government?
    • A: Stamp Act
    • A: They had to pay high taxes but did not have any say about it. (Taxation without representation.)
    • A: The British army stayed in their houses. (boarding, quartering)
    • A: Intolerable Acts
  96. Name one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for.
    • A: U.S. diplomat
    • A: Oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
    • A: First Postmaster General of the United States
    • A: Writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”
  97. Name one famous battle from the Revolutionary War.
    • A: Lexington and Concord
    • A: Trenton
    • A: Princeton
    • A: Saratoga
    • A: Cowpens
    • A: Yorktown
    • A: Bunker Hill
  98. Who is called the “Father of Our Country”?
    • A: George Washington
  99. Who was the first President?
    • A: George Washington
  100. Name one of the writers of the Federalist Papers?
    • A: James Madison
    • A: Alexander Hamilton
    • A: John Jay
  101. What group of essays supported passage of the U.S. Constitution?
    • A: The Federalist Papers
  102. Name one of the major American Indian tribes in the United States.
    • A: Cherokee, Seminoles, Creek, Choctaw, Arawak, Iroquois, Shawnee, Mohegan, Chippewa, Huron, Oneida, Sioux, Cheyenne, Lakotas, Crows, Blackfeet, Teton, Navajo, Apaches, Pueblo, Hopi, Inuit [Adjudicators will be supplied with a complete list.]
  103. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
    • A: War of 1812, Mexican American War, Civil War, or Spanish-American War.
  104. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
    • A: The Louisiana Territory
    • A: Louisiana
  105. What country sold the Louisiana Territory to the United States?
    • A: France
  106. In 1803, the United States bought a large amount of land from France. Where was that land?
    • A: West of the Mississippi
    • A: The Western U.S.
    • A: The Louisiana Territory
  107. Name one of the things that Abraham Lincoln did.
    • A: Saved (or preserved) the Union.
    • A: Freed the slaves
    • A: Led the U.S. during the Civil War.
  108. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
    • A: The Civil War
  109. Name one problem that led to the Civil War.
    • A: Slavery
    • A: Economic reasons
    • A: States’ rights
  110. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
    • A: Freed slaves in the Confederacy
    • A: Freed slaves in the Confederate states
    • A: Freed slaves in most Southern states
  111. What did the abolitionists try to end before the Civil War?
    • A: Slavery
  112. What did Susan B. Anthony do?
    • A: She fought for women’s rights.
  113. Name one war fought in the United States in the 1900s.
    • A: World War I, World War II, Korean War, Vietnam War, or Gulf (or Persian Gulf) War
  114. Who was President during World War I?
    • A: Woodrow Wilson
  115. The United States fought Japan, Germany, and Italy during which war?
    • A: World War II
  116. What was the main concern of the United States during the Cold War?
    • A: The spread of communism
    • A: The Soviet Union [USSR and Russia are also acceptable.]
  117. What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?
    • A: Terrorists attacked The United States.
  118. What international organization was established after World War II (WWII) to keep the world at peace?
    • A: The United Nations
  119. What alliance of North America and European countries was created during the Cold War?
    • A: NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
  120. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?
    • A: Franklin Roosevelt
  121. Which U.S. World War II general later became President?
    • A: Dwight Eisenhower
  122. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?
    • A: He fought for civil rights.
    • A: He strove for (worked for, fought for) equality for all Americans.
  123. Martin Luther King, Jr. had a dream for America. What was his dream?
    • A: Equality for all Americans
    • A: Civil rights for all
  124. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
    • A: The civil rights movement
  125. What is the longest river in the United States?
    • A: The Mississippi River
  126. What ocean is on the west coast of the United States?
    • A: The Pacific Ocean
  127. What country is on the northern border of the United States?
    • A: Canada
  128. Where is the Grand Canyon?
    • A: Arizona
    • A: The Southwest
    • A: Along/on the Colorado River
  129. Where is the Statue of Liberty?
    • A: New York Harbor
    • A: Liberty Island [Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]
  130. What country is on the southern border of the United States?
    • A: Mexico
  131. Name one large mountain range in the United States.
    • A: The Rocky Mountains
    • A: The Appalachians
    • A: The Sierra Nevada
    • A: The Cascades
  132. What is the tallest mountain in the United States?
    • A: Mt. McKinley
    • A: Denali
  133. Name one U.S. territory.
    • A: American Samoa
    • A: The Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands
    • A: Guam
    • A: Puerto Rico
    • A: U.S. Virgin Islands
  134. Name the state that is in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.
    • A: Hawaii
  135. Name one state that borders Canada.
    • A: Alaska, Idaho, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, New Hampshire, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, or Washington
  136. Name one state that borders on Mexico.
    • A: Arizona, California, New Mexico, or Texas
  137. What is the capital of the U.S.?
    • A: Washington, D.C.
  138. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
    • A: Because there were 13 original colonies
    • A: Because the stripes represent the original colonies
  139. Why do we have 13 stripes on the flag?
    • A: Because there were 13 original colonies
    • A: Because the stripes represent the original colonies
  140. Why does the flag have 50 stars?
    • A: There is one star for each state.
    • A: Each star represents a state.
    • A: There are 50 states.
  141. What is the name of the National Anthem?
    • A: The “Star-Spangled Banner”
  142. On the Fourth of July we celebrate independence from what country?
    • A: Great Britain
  143. When do we celebrate Independence Day?
    • A: July 4
  144. Name two national U.S. holidays.
    • A: New Year’s Day
    • A: Martin Luther King Day
    • A: Presidents’ Day
    • A: Memorial Day
    • A: Independence Day
    • A: Labor Day
    • A: Columbus Day
    • A: Veterans Day
    • A: Thanksgiving
    • A: Christmas
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